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3ALS_ NCasotto_the Romans
by NCasotto - (2018-02-19)
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The object of the present text is to discuss the Romans and in particullary the Roman's invasion.
The Roman's invasion of Britain was the most significant event ever that happened to the British island, indeed it effects our language, culture and geography.
Before the Roman's invasion, Britain was set of peoples with no identity; however Rome invaded Britain, mainly to satisfy the need of the individual Roman emperor, then because there were two men to govern: the first one was Julius Caesar who had conquered Gaul. He wanted to settle in Britain and so his first expedition with two legions failed, he tried again with five legions: he succeeded.
The second one was Claudius who wants to reenforce his power and to consolidate his prestige. He sent four legions across the sea but he found a great resistance, however the young Vespasian with his legions forced the resistance and so Britain was invaded. They remained there for 16 days but they took 30 years to conquer the rest of the island.
In addition, the Roman empire was based into two things. the service to the emperor and the parent of the army.
London was conquered by the Romans, they built a bridge named London Bridge across the river Thames. On the north of this bridge they were settled, in a territory named “Londinium” that quickly became important.
Both Rome and Britain had polytheistic religion, in which dos could be propitiated at many levels. The Romans hadn’t no problem in combining British wth their own gods. Indeed, the Bath, a famous temple, was linked to Minerva but there were images of other gods, that were also set up in the temple: into water of Bath were cast over 6000 coins as offerings.
Britain was a frontier province, which contains three legions. As said previously, Britain was conquered for similar reasons: Vespasian had won the battle of Medway and took Maiden Castle, so he ended it as emperor. Costantine proved what many generals before him had not realized: he scrawled the Christ symbol of Christianity with his soldiers and made Christianity the official religion of the Roman empire.
In AD 410, the Roman’s influence in Britain was ended in a episode: the civitates of Britain sent a letter to the roman’s emperor asking him to help they against Saxon’s invasion, but the emperor, Honorius, answered that the Roman’s invasion in Britain was ended.