1) What is a poem?
A poem is a self contained text, which makes sense as it stands.
2) In which way is it different from ordinary speech?
It is different from prose because it is written in lines whose length is decided by the author and not by the publisher. The language is more difficult from ordinary speech.
3) How are words selected and arranged into a poem?
Words are selected and arranged in lines and stanzas.
4) What is rhyme and what does it depend on?
Rhyme is the repetition of the final syllable sound at the end of two lines or more.
5) What is rhythm and what does it depend on?
Rhythm is the recurrence of the stress in the lines, according to a musical movement decided by the poet.
6) What is an internal rhyme?
We find an internal rhyme when rhyme occurs within the line.
7) What do we mean by rhyme scheme?
The rhyme scheme is the pattern of soundsrhyming words create in a poem. It is identified by the letters of the alphabet.
8) What is alliteration?
Alliteration is the repetition of the initial consonant sound in two or more words in a line or consecutive lines. (ex. Blue Boat; Carl's car)
9) What in assonance?
Assonance is the repetition of the same vowel sound within a line or at the and of a line. (ex. Open ocean)
10) What is consonance?
Consonance is the repetition of the same consonant sound within a line or at the end of a line. (ex. Head, bird)
11) Which is the basic unit of rhythm?
The basic unit of rhythm is the foot.
12) What does a metric foot consist of?
A metric foot consists of stressed and unstressed syllables.
13) Which is the pattern of a iambic foot?
The pattern of a iambic foot consists of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one.
14) Which is the pattern of a trochaic foot?
The pattern of a trochaic foot is when a stressed syllable is followed by an unstressed one.
15) Why is the layout important?
Because it distinguish poetry from prose.
16) What does it add to meaning?
It creates pauses which affect the reading pace and the meaning of text.
17) What is an onomatopoeia? Provide an example.
An onomatopoeia is a word whose sound suggests meanings.
18) What is a stanza?
A stanza is a pattern generally of three to ten lines repeated so as to form the structure of a poem.
19) What is free verse?
Free verse has no regular metre or line length.
20) What is denotation?
Denotation is the literary meaning of a word.
21) What is connotation?
Connotation is considering the different levels of interpretation.
22) What is a lyrical form of poetry?
A lyric poem directly expresses personal thoughts, emotions, and moods of a single speaker.
23) What are figures of speech and what is their role? Give examples.
A figure of speech is any form of expression which deviates from the literal expression of meaning to create a particular linguistic effect (ex. personification, simile, metaphor, symbol, hyperbole ...)